Goat Milk Farm
Name of village: Bumiaji Village
Location: Food Industry - Goat Milk Farm

Objectives: To find effective ways to improve the livelihood of the community by enhancing the efficiency of the farm in producing goat milk.

Issues and problems:

Bumiaji Village has a goat farm housing about 60 goats that is managed by a few families in the community. The farm uses traditional methods to breed goats, milk and pasteurise goat milk which is bottled and frozen to ensure freshness when it goes to the distributer. Good quality goat milks are used to turn into yoghurt and butter while lower or poor quality milk will be used to turn into inedible products such as soap. The farm also sells their frozen goat milk to other cities, however, the location must be near Bumiaji as the milk is stored only in an icebox during delivery.

There are several issues and problems faced by the farmers daily. Firstly, the goat pens are made from bamboo and wood whereas the roof is made of sheet of steel and sometimes, the goats tend to chew off the structure. The team also noticed that the feeding trough seems too high and far for the goats resulting in difficulty for the goat to obtain their food as due to the big gaps and holes, the leg of the goats will get stuck when trying to reach for their food. There are also drainage issues as there is a lot of dirty stagnant water and waste around the pen and thus, the workers are required to consistently maintain cleanliness by sweeping the dirty water and waste away.

Key insights:

Based on their empathy study, the team has established the following key insights:

  1. It is evident that the goat farm condition at Bumiaji is unconducive
  2. There is an inefficiency in the management system
  3. Lack of knowledge and funds to account for precautionary measures

Need statement:

  1. I need a better design with improved facilities to facilitate the milking process
  2. I need to educate my workers by restructuring the management system of my goat farm
  3. I need to implement and apply a standard guideline to improve hygiene and maintain a proper system of goat farming

Solution and prototypes:

For need statement 1: I need a better design with improved facilities to facilitate the milking process

a. Redesigning the layout of the farm to include an isolation room


The isolation room is able to act as a separate shelter to isolate the milk from goat smell. The smaller room also means faster cooling of milk and smaller openings means lesser contact with air. It is also easy to clean if room are smaller.

b. Redesigning the pen including the food trough


The door for the goats will be swung forward to facilitate easy movement for the goats.

3. New farming facility – IM3

IM3 is a manual milking machine that minimises contamination towards the milk. After the milk is squeezed into the container, the internal pressure is greater than the external causing the milk to reserve back into the teats.

For need statement 2: I need to educate my workers by restructuring the management system of my goat farm.

a. Breeding and feeding management system: Putting in place a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)


The SOP will help the farmers to understand the problems and risks they may encounter in the farm and how to reduce those risks.

  1. Marketing management system: Brand awareness through organising event and placing signboards around the farm

b. Marketing management system: Brand awareness through organising event and placing signboards around the farm

The event will help the farm to gain recognition. Marketing of products can also be done through the various events and through placement of signboards around the farm. This way, consumer knows what type of product the farm is offering.


c. Marketing management system: Market survey

Through the survey, the farmers know exactly what type of products their consumer wants and hence will produce the right product at the right amount. This helps to reduce wastage and increase sales.

For need statement 3: I need to implement and apply a standard guideline to improve hygiene and maintain a proper system of goat farming

a. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) The SOP will standardize the farming process through a step-by-step instruction. After applying the SOP, the farm will become more orderly as the farmers are more aware of the steps to be taken for any activity and why it is done in the way they are. The farmers set a standard for the farm and will maintain it in order to reach the goal of having a certificate from the BPOM, the Indonesian agency for Drug and Food Control. This helps to improve hygiene standards.

b. Hazards Analysis & Critical Control Point The HACCP contains the flow of processes during production and also identify hygiene hazards and precautions to be taken. This helps to maintain proper hygiene standards in the production line.

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